(***本页主题词已经翻好,但是格式尚未标准化或者细节尚未完工)

《生查子·东风不解愁》纳兰性德


	东风不解愁,偷展湘裙衩。
	独夜背纱笼,影著纤腰画。

	爇尽水沉烟,露滴鸳鸯瓦。
	花骨冷宜香,小立樱桃下。
(***本页主题词已经翻好,但是格式尚未标准化或者细节尚未完工)

简介: 纳兰
This poem described a fair lady in a sleepless lonely night in the spring season.

In the most populous east coast area of China the wind usually blows from the east in the spring season. 
Thus blowing east wind means it is in the spring season. 
In nature, spring is the time for most animals to mate and for people to fall in love.
Thus it is especially easy for a lady to feel lonely if she doesn't have her loved one around in the spring time.

The first half of this poem described this fair lady.
Though the poet didn't directly say how beautiful she was, yet using hints he let the readers to imagine her beauty:

The east wind[东风] didn't understand[不解] the loneliness[愁] of the fair lady,
it still sneakily[偷] rolled[展] (blew) up the slit[衩] on the side of her luxurious Hunan skirt[湘裙]. 

In this lonely night[独夜] she stood against[背] a silk-woven lamp[纱笼],
The shadow[影] of her slim figure[纤腰] composed[著] a beautiful painting[画].

The second half of this poem described the scene around which contrasts her loneliness:

It was getting so late in the night, yet the fair lady was still wide awake.
The fire on agilawood[水沉] had been burnt out[爇尽] and only a thread of smoke[烟] was still lingering.
Outside on the roof, the paired tiles[鸳鸯瓦] on the roof were already covered by early morning dew[露滴].
(The poet used paired roof tiles to contrast her being alone.)

She stood for a short while[小立] underneath[下] a cherry tree[樱桃].
The weather was cold[冷], yet the flower bud[花骨] so and the fair lady both still emitted some pleasant fragrances[宜香].




 ------------ Gary's English translation ----------------
《生查子》 <raw hawthorn>

东风不解愁,偷展湘裙衩。
The east wind couldn't understand the loneliness of the fair lady.
Stealthily, it blew up the side of her luxurious skirt. 

独夜背纱笼,影著纤腰画。
Against a silk-woven lamp, she stood alone in this lonely night.
The shadow of her slim figure composed a beautiful picture.

爇尽水沉烟,露滴鸳鸯瓦。
The fire on agilawood had been burnt out and only a thread of smoke was still lingering.
Outside on the roof, the paired tiles on the roof were already covered by early morning dew.

花骨冷宜香,小立樱桃下。
Despite the cold weather, some pleasant fragrances were emitting from the flower buds,
and from the lady who stood underneath the cherry tree.


注释: 解: (v)solve,understand 展: roll up,spread 湘裙: skirt made with silk from Hunan, a luxurious skirt 指用湘地丝绸制做的裙子 衩chà: slit/vent on the side of a garment, e.g. a skirt 裙衩: slit on the side of a skirt 独夜 背: (n)back(of the body),(v)betray,carry on the back,[*](p)with the back towards,face about 纱笼: silk-woven lamp 纱制作的灯笼。 著zhù: (v)paint(a painting),compose(work) 纤腰: [lit]slim waist,[*]slim figure 爇ruò: burn 燃烧。 水沉: agilawood 水沉香、沉香 鸳鸯: love bird 鸳鸯瓦: a kind of paired tiles 花骨: 花骨朵,花蕾 flower bud 宜: (a)pleasant,suitable
(***主词动词及时态分析尚未完成!) 逐字字面中翻英(literal translation): 东风/不解/愁, The east wind/do not understand/sorrow, 偷/展/湘裙/衩/ sneakily/roll up/luxurious skirt/slit 独夜/背/纱笼, lonely night/face out/silk-woven lamp, 影/著/纤腰/画 shadow/compose/slim figure/painting 爇尽/水沉/烟, burn out/agilawood/smoke, 露/滴/鸳鸯瓦 dew/dip/paired tiles 花骨/冷/宜/香, flower bud/(in)cold(weather)/(emit)pleasant/fragrance 小立/樱桃/下 stand for a short while/cherry tree/underneath

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