(***本页主题词已经翻好,但是格式尚未标准化或者细节尚未完工)

《浪淘沙·紫玉拨寒灰》纳兰性德

	紫玉拨寒灰,心字全非。
	疏帘犹是隔年垂,
	半卷夕阳红雨入,
	燕子来时。 

	回首碧云西,多少心期。
	短长亭外短长堤。
	百尺游丝千里梦,
	无限凄迷。
(***本页主题词已经翻好,但是格式尚未标准化或者细节尚未完工)

简介: 

The poet was writing about the dire plight of a love-lorn lady waiting for her loved one to come back.

She was sitting in a dark room musing for a long time. The incense had burn out. 
She used a purple jade hairpin[紫玉] to turn[拨] the cold ashes[寒灰] hoping to see some remaining fire.
However, in stirring the ashes, she completely ruined[全非] the heart-shaped[心字] incense.
(Here "心字全非" is a double-edged expression which also means "心如死灰"-heart is like dead ashes, she has given up all hopes.)

Since he left, the sparse window curtain[疏帘] had been closed and still[犹是] remained drooped[垂] and that was already over a year[隔年].

Today, she finally rolled[卷] the curtain half[半] up; and then a ray of the setting sun[夕阳] and some red[红] flower petals like rains[雨] fell into[入] the window. 

It is late spring time[时] and the swallows[燕子] had already come[来] back. But what about her lover?

She turned her head[回首] toward the emerald clouds[碧云] on the western[西] sky, with countless[多少] hopes[心期] that he would come back soon.

Standing on a tall building, she raised her head and looked afar across[外] short pavilions followed by tall pavilions[短长亭],
and across short dikes followed by tall dikes[短长堤], hoping to see his form somewhere... 

Her thought was like a thread of gossamer drifting[游丝] hundreds of feet[百尺] afar,
and she hoped her dreams[梦] could take her to her loved one thousand miles[千里] away.

But when she woke up, what left with her was only endless[无限] dreary and hazy[凄迷] state.



 ------------ Gary's English translation ----------------

紫玉拨寒灰,心字全非。
Stirring the cold ashes with a purple jade hairpin hoping to recover some remaining heat,
instead I completely ruined the heart-shaped incense and thus my hopes.

疏帘犹是隔年垂,
It has been over a year since he left and the sparse window curtain still remained drooped.

半卷夕阳红雨入,
I rolled the curtain half up and saw a ray of the setting sun and some red flower petals fell into the room. 

燕子来时。 
It is late spring and the swallows has already come back. But what about him?

回首碧云西,多少心期。
I turned my head toward the emerald clouds on the western sky with much hope that he would be back soon.

短长亭外短长堤。
I stood on a tall building and raised my head and looked afar across short pavilions followed by tall pavilions,
and across short dikes followed by tall dikes, hoping to see his form somewhere. 

百尺游丝千里梦,
My thought was like a thread of gossamer drifted hundreds of feet afar,
and I hoped my dreams could take me thousand miles away to where he was.

无限凄迷。
But when I woke up, I was in endless dreary and hazy state.


注释: 紫玉: purple jade pin,紫玉钗 拨: stir,turn 寒灰: cold ashes 心字: 心字香 heart-shaped incense 全: all 非: not,negative,[*]ruined 疏帘: sparse curtain 琉帘,指编织稀疏的竹帘。 犹: (adv)still,yet,even,like,(v)hesitate 红雨: [lit]red rain,[*]falling (red)flowers 喻指落花。 回首: turn head 碧云: emerald cloud 心期: [lit]heart intention,allegiance,commitment,[*]hope,expectation 游丝: (n)gossamers floating in air, drifting gossamers 飘荡在空中的蜘蛛丝:游丝荡漾,残红堆拥|游丝软系飘香榭。 无限: [lit]without limit,infinite,immense,without bound,never-ending,endless 凄迷: dreary and hazy, sorrowful, melancholy
(***主词动词及时态分析尚未完成!) 逐字字面中翻英(literal translation): 紫玉/拨/寒灰/,心字/全/非。 purple jade hairpin/stir/cold ashes/,heart-shaped incense/all/ruined 疏帘/犹是/隔年/垂, sparse curtain/still is/more than a year/droop 半卷/夕阳/红雨/入, half roll up/setting sun/red(flower) rain/into 燕子/来时。 swallow/come back/time 回首/碧云/西/,多少/心期。 turn head/emerald cloud/west/,how much/hope. 短/长/亭/外/短/长/堤。 short/tall/pavilions/beyond/short/tall/dikes. 百尺/游丝/千里/梦, hundred feet/gossamer floating in air/thousand miles/dream 无限/凄/迷。 infinite/dreary/hazy

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