欲问江梅瘦几分， 只看愁损翠罗裙。 麝篝衾冷惜余熏。 可耐暮寒长倚竹， 便教春好不开门。 枇杷花底较书人
简介： In this poem Nalan wrote about the melancholic mood of a lonely lady. First he used the thin plum tree to compare with the lady, he wrote: If you want[欲] to ask[问] how[几分] thin[瘦] the river plum[江梅] is, you only[只] need to see[看] the green[翠] skirt[罗裙] of the lady who is emaciated[损] because of sorrow[愁]. Then the poet continued with the story of this lady: The lady was on bed, alone, and felt the quilt[衾] was getting cold[冷]. She went up to check the musk heater cage[麝篝] and found the fire was just out not too long ago. She held the cage in her bosom with both hands to cherished[惜] the remaining heat[余熏] of the bonfire. It is cold[寒] in the dusk[暮]. She missed her loved one again. She felt stuck[可耐] couldn't do anything but to lean[倚] herself on a bamboo[竹] for a long[长] time hoping her loved one would come back. Now the poet's logic was a little bit messed up and the time turned to the day instead of the night a sentence before: With no loved one to share, no matter how[便教] good[好] the spring[春] was, she didn't[不] want to open the door[开门] to see the splendor of spring. In the last sentence of this poem, the poet indicated that the lady was a geisha, thus people strongly guess he was writing about his third love, the talented geisha, Ms. Shen. : Under the loquat[枇杷] tree beneath the blossoming flowers[花底], there was a literate geisha[较书人] standing there waiting.------------ Gary's English translation ---------------- 《浣溪沙》<Silk-rinsing in a creek> 欲问江梅瘦几分，只看愁损翠罗裙。 If you want to ask how thin the river plum is, you only need to see how emaciated is the sorrowful lady in green skirt. 麝篝衾冷惜余熏。 The quilt is getting cold so she gets up to cherish the remaining heat of the musk fire. 可耐暮寒长倚竹， The dusk is cold, she has no alternative but to lean on a bamboo for a long wait. 便教春好不开门。 Without him, no matter how nice the day is she doesn't want to open the door to face the splendor of spring alone. 枇杷花底较书人 Beneath the blossoming loquat flowers there is a literate geisha standing there waiting.
注释： 江梅：野梅。此处以江梅喻离去的侍妾沈宛。 愁损: emaciated because of sorrow 翠: emerald color,green color 罗裙: gauze skirt, 泛指妇女衣裙 lady's skirt 麝shè: musk,musk deer 篝gōu: bamboo cage,篝火 camp fire,bonfire 麝篝: 燃烧麝香的熏笼。 衾qīn:(bed)quilt 惜: pity,[*]appreciate,cherish 熏: scent,smoke 余熏: remaining heat of the extinguished fire 可耐: 可奈，无可奈何 have no alternative 便教: even if,即便是，纵然是。 春好: good spring day 枇杷: loquat(fruit) 较书: edit,proof-read; (here 较,同“校”, pronounced:jiào) 较书人: [lit]editor,proof-reader,[*]a geisha who can read and recite poems
(***主词动词及时态分析尚未完成!) 逐字字面中翻英(literal translation): 欲/问/江/梅/瘦/几分， desire/ask/river/plum/thin/how much 只/看/愁/损/翠/罗裙。 only/see/sorrow/damage/green/skirt 麝/篝/衾/冷/惜/余/熏。 musk/bonfire/quilt/cold/cherish/remaining/scent 可耐/暮/寒/长/倚/竹， have no alternative/dusk/cold/long/lean on/bamboo 便教/春/好/不/开门。 even if/spring/good/don't/open the door 枇杷/花/底/较书人 loquat/flower/underneath/literate geisha